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Summary - Policy Makers' Advisors, Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Sharing: Highlights of a Literature Review and Key Lessons
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Political and institutional influences on the use of evidence in public health policy. A systematic review. Liverani, M., Hawkins, B., & Parkhurst, J.O. (2013). PLoS ONE, 8(10): e77404, 1-9. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077404. Free access.

Why doesn't evidence win the day in policy and policymaking? [Blog post] Cairney, P. (2017).

Interview with a former minister of Health in the Australian government : Getting evidence into health policy. Roxon, N. (2017). Public Health Research and Practice, 27(1):e2711701. doi: Free access.

Knowledge exchange strategies for interventions and policy in public health. Kouri, D. (2009).  Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, Volume 5, Number 1, January 2009 , pp. 71-83(13). Abstract on the site of ingentaconnect.

Florence Morestin

The Advisors of Policy Makers: Who Are They, How Do They Handle Scientific Knowledge and What Can We Learn About How to Share Such Knowledge with Them?
The advisors of policy makers play an important role in public policy development and in determining whether and how scientific knowledge is used during this process. This literature review explores their role and proposes avenues for reflection for public health actors who wish to share knowledge with them.
Updated in November 2017. Description. Download.  862 K
Tips for making the most of the proposed avenues for reflection  613 K

When one wishes to share public health knowledge in the hope of influencing public policy development, are policy makers the most relevant actors to target? Despite being often overlooked, the advisors of policy makers play an important role in public policy development. Moreover, when scientific knowledge is used in that process, advisors are the ones who handle such knowledge.

This literature review analyzes 70 documents that focus on the observations of advisors themselves, or of actors who rub shoulders with them. It sketches the profile of these advisors: some of them are public servants in departments or in local governments, while others are political advisors in ministerial offices or in the legislative branch. Our paper then describes the work these advisors carry out, especially as it comes to using scientific knowledge. Last, it sets out to pinpoint the influence these advisors have in political circles.

Throughout the document, we draw on findings that emerge from the literature to suggest avenues for reflection to help readers to analyze their own contexts and determine the knowledge-sharing approach most suited to their needs.

The Advisors of Policy Makers: Who Are They, How Do They Handle Scientific Knowledge and What Can We Learn About How to Share Such Knowledge with Them?
66 pages
 862 K

Image of the cover page of the document, click to download.


NEW: A few tips for making the most of the avenues for reflection proposed in this literature review.

How to Use the Proposed Avenues for Reflection to Refine Your Knowledge-sharing Strategy
2 pages
 613 K

These documents are part of a series of documents focused on knowledge sharing in the context of public policy development. To read more about the series of documents, click here.

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The production of the NCCHPP website has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada.