Prince Edward Island

The federal government has in the past defined involvement in Indigenous health at the federal or provincial/territorial level: “The federal government provides some health services to First Nations on reserve and Inuit, including public health activities, health promotion and the detection and mitigation of hazards to health in the environment” (Health Canada, 2005, p.3).

“The majority of health services available to Inuit, Métis, non-status Indians and status Indians living away from communities are provided by the provinces and territories in the same manner that services are available to all citizens. Some provinces/territories provide innovative, culturally-specific programs and services to meet the particular health needs of First Nations, Inuit and Métis” (Health Canada, 2005, p.7).

In 2017, the federal government embarked on an important restructuration. Indigenous Services Canada was co-created with Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada from what was formerly Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada and the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch of Health Canada. It collaborates with partners in linking First Nations, Inuit and Metis with high quality services (Indigenous Services Canada, 2013, 2018, 2019). As of 2019, the process of transitioning previous programs to Indigenous Services Canada is in progress.


Aboriginal programming is the purview of the Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat which “was established in 2009 to coordinate government's response to Aboriginal matters within the province.  In addition to offering a central point of contact for First Nations and Aboriginal organizations, the Secretariat provides a means by which to promote inter-departmental communication and cooperation on governmental matters related to Aboriginal Affairs. The Secretariat supports work conducted under the Partnership Agreement with the Mi'kmaq and Canada, continues to participate in a contribution agreement with the Native Council of PEI, and provides annual grant funding to the Aboriginal Women's Associate of PEI. The Secretariat represents PEI at various inter-governmental tables” (Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat, 2019). The Secretariat works with other departments “to reduce any socio-economic gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Islanders and improve life outcomes for Aboriginal Islanders” (Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat, 2019).

At the provincial level, the Mi'kmaq Confederacy of Prince Edward Island represents PEI's Mi'kmaq Nation. The health program of the Mi'kmaq Confederacy of Prince Edward Island manages a “wide range of programs and services designed to support the health and wellbeing of Lennox Island and Abegweit First Nation members living on-reserve. They include; Health Policy, Jordan's Principle program, Indian Residential School program, and Health Promotion” (Mi'kmaq Confederacy of PEI, 2019).

In addition, “The Native Council of Prince Edward Island is a Community of Aboriginal People (NCPEI) residing off-reserve in traditional Mi'kmaq territory. NCPEI is the self-governing authority for all off-reserve Aboriginal people living on Epekwitk (PEI)” (Native Council of Prince Edward Island, 2014a). Funded through the United Way of Canada, the NCPEI offers health programs and services to urban Indigenous people living off-reserve. “The goal of the program is to provide tools, resources, education and to empower participants to make healthy choices to promote their overall wellness” (Native Council of Prince Edward's Island, 2014b).


On Lennox Island Mi'Kmaq First Nation, the Lennox Island Health Centre offers health care services, home support and substance abuse counselling, access to fitness and maternal-health coordinators (Lennox Island, 2013).

The Abegweit First Nations Mi'kmaq Wellness Centre also provides a wide range of health and wellness programs (Abegweit Health, 2019).

  1. Abegweit Health. (2019). Abegweit First Nation Mi'kmaq Wellness Centre Programs and Services. Retrieved from:

  2. Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat. (2019). Aboriginal Affairs. Retrieved from:

  3. Health Canada. (2005). Blueprint on Aboriginal Health. A 10-year Transformative Plan. Retrieved from:

  4. Indigenous Services Canada. (2013). First Nations and Inuit Health Branch. Retrieved from:

  5. Indigenous Services Canada. (2018). Indigenous Services Canada - Departmental Plan 2018-2019. Retrieved from:

  6. Indigenous Services Canada. (2019). Indigenous Services Canada. Retrieved from:

  7. Lennox Island (2013). Community Health Care. Retrieved from:

  8. Mi'kmaq Confederacy of PEI. (2019). Health Programs and Services. Retrieved from:

  9. Native Council of Prince Edward Island. (2014a). Home. Retrieved from:

  10. Native Council of Prince Edward Island. (2014b). Family Health and Wellness. Retrieved from: