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Methodology

The information presented in the profile was collected by studying publicly available information from websites and official government publications from each jurisdiction. Online data collection was conducted between January and March 2019. 

For each jurisdiction, information contained in the previous version of the Indigenous Health section of the structural profile was reviewed and used as a starting point. The research team accessed the Department of Health's website to explore programs and services specifically designed to address First Nation, Métis and Inuit health, and note them in terms of their relevance to public health. Other relevant Departments' websites with Indigenous policy mandates were also accessed. Finally, they searched for key reports, using “Canada”, “public health” and a number of keywords such as “Aboriginal, First Nation(s)”, “Inuit”, “Metis or Métis”, “Indian”, “Amérindiens”, “Reserve”. In all cases, their investigation took on a snowball process, where one document or webpage led us to the next.

The researchers also explored First Nations, Métis and Inuit health system innovations, albeit at the regional level only. They recognize that the reports provided underrepresent First Nation, Métis and Inuit public health innovations, primarily because these innovations remain under-recognized and often undocumented. They also indicated that their lack of documentation on these innovations is simply related to access to information, and wanted to acknowledge the tireless work of First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and organizations in the pursuit of health equity.

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